In prep
Manual sections in preparation
This page contains incomplete and/or unreviewed information. It should not be used for reference
Precipitation downscaling from 1h to 5min
For use in UMEP these data must be interpolated to 5min resolution. Generally variables are linearly interpolated (accounting for the different time stamp conventions); the downscaling for incoming shortwave radiation includes an additional stage using local sunrise and sunset times; for precipitation, the situation is more complex. In the absence of more detailed information the simplest approach is to equally distribute rainfall over all 5min intervals within the 3hour period, but this significantly overestimates the duration of rainfall (Ward et al., in review). A more advanced downscaling procedure for precipitation can be applied. The input parameters for the disaggregation model are derived from fits to empirical data and should therefore be updated to represent the location studied. The values provided are for London, UK, based on three years of radar data (20122014 inclusive).
 When useRainModel=0 rainfall accumulations are spread evenly across the model time steps (Ward et al., in review).
 When useRainModel=1 a timevarying rainfall sequence is generated at the model time resolution using a stochastic process (Ward et al., in review, Gabey et al., in review).
In both cases the accumulated rainfall occurring within each bin of the input rainfall data is conserved.
Name  Definition  Units  Value  Site 

rainIntensityLogMean  Geometric mean of a lognormal distribution describing the rain intensity specified in logspace, i.e. log(geometric mean).  mm h^{1}  1.104  London, UK (2012) 
rainIntensityLogSd  Logstandard deviation of a lognormal distribution describing the rain intensity specified in logspace, i.e. log(geometric std dev)  log(mm h^{1})  0.366  London, UK (2012) 
rainExtentScale  Scale of twoparameter Weibull distribution fitted to the CDF of temporal extent (start of first rain pulse to end of final rain pulse) of rainfall clusters.

min  218.9  London, UK (2012) 
rainExtentShape  Shape of twoparameter Weibull distribution fitted to the CDF of temporal extent of rainfall clusters  0.650  London, UK (2012)  
rainExponent  Exponent of a power law function fitted to the empirical power spectrum of the rainfall time series in the frequency interval (0.001, 0.1]  1.013  London, UK (2012)  
rainWetProb  Mean proportion of cluster time occupied by actual rainfall, i.e. total time spent raining ÷ total duration of rain clusters. A cluster is a sequence of wet and dry spells in which dry spells are shorter than 3 hours.  0.524  London, UK (2012) 